Follow this
link to skip to the main content

4. Radiation

2005: IVA-5
2010: 2B
Priority: Medium

2005 Version

5. Investigation. Characterize in detail the ionizing radiation environment at the Martian surface, distinguishing contributions from the energetic charged particles that penetrate the atmosphere, secondary neutrons produced in the atmosphere, and secondary charged particles and neutrons produced in the regolith.
a. Measurement of charged particles with directionality. Identify particles by species and energy from protons to iron nuclei in the energy range 20-1000 MeV/nuc.
b. Measurement of neutrons with directionality. Energy range from <1 keV to >100 MeV.
c. Simultaneous with surface measurements, a detector should be placed in orbit to measure energy spectra in Solar Energetic Particle events.

MEPAG (2008), Mars Scientific Goals, Objectives, Investigations, and Priorities: 2008, J.R. Johnson, ed., 37 p. white paper posted September, 2008 by the Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) at

Sign-up for MEPAG E-Mail Contact Us